Polishness in the Preamble of the 1997 Constitution of the Republic of PolandExcerpt: According to its dictionary meaning, the term “Polishness” means Polish character, features pertaining to the group of Polish characteristics.213 In this paper, we aim to answer the following questions: Is the Preamble of the 1997 Constitution of the Republic of Poland214 a holder of Polishness, and does it express Polishness? Several methods and tools are available for us to examine the notion of Polishness. These come from various academic disciplines, including sociology, linguistics, ethnography, etc. Jurisprudence can also contribute to the examination and analysis of Polishness.
Dr. Piotr Kroczek
The inadequacy of the current European Union is increasingly evident, as the recent story of the tragic vaccine supply mess has also shown. The need to reform it on a new moral, political, social and economic basis is increasingly pressing.
On 9 January 2020, a number of leading personalities in the European Parliament, including Guy Verhofstadt, Manfred Weber, Iratxe García Pérez, Ska Keller, and Helmut Scholz, in representation of the liberal, Christian democratic, socialist, green, and left-wing groups, submitted a motion for a resolution to the European Parliament recommending a conference on the future of Europe.